Distinguish between scientific and pseudoscientific ideas.
Discuss what characterizes science and its methods.
Analyze the methods used to develop a scientific explanation as
seen in different fields of science. SC.8.N.1.1 Define a problem from the 8th grade curriculum using appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding , plan and carry out scientific investigations of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables and graphics, analyze information, make predictions and defend conclusions. SC.8.N.1.2 Design and conduct a study using repeated trials and replication. SC.8.N.1.6 Understand that scientific investigations involve the collection of relevant empirical evidence, the use of logical reasoning, and the application of imagination in devising hypotheses, predictions, explanations and models to make sense of the collected evidence. SC.8.N.1.3 Use phrases such as “results support” or “fail to support” in science, understanding that science does not offer conclusive ‘proof’ of a knowledge claim. SC.8.N.1.4 Explain how hypotheses are valuable if they lead to further investigations, even if they turn out not to be supported by the data.
- Students will:
• describe science as the study of the natural world
• cite examples of science and pseudoscience (can it be tested?)
• understand the need for a common system of measurement (metric system)
• discuss the VARIOUS methods used by scientists to answer questions or solve
problems (controlled experiments, observational studies, engineering by design,
trial and error, simulations, modeling, etc.)
- review lab safety
- engage in a lab where students:
- form a hypothesis
- follow a procedure using repeated trials
- collect data, take measurements, analyze and interpret graphs
- draw a conclusion based on evidence
- use phrases such as “results support” or “fail to support” their hypothesis/claim and how it leads to further investigation