Science, Mrs. Rosso 8th Grade Unit 5

TeacherJulia Rosso
Subject AreaScience
Grade Level8th
Week #20-25 (January 8-February 15)
Unit of InstructionUnit 5: The Universe
Standard(s) Taught

SC.8.E.5.11 Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.

SC.8.E.5.10 Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.

SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition. 

SC.8.E.5.1 Recognize that there are enormous distances between objects in space and apply our knowledge of light and space travel to understand this distance. 

SC.8.E.5.2 Recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and that each galaxy contains many billions of stars.
Students

SC.8.E.5.4 Explore the Law of Universal Gravitation by explaining the role that gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and solar systems and in determining their motions. SC.8.P.8.2 Differentiate between weight and mass recognizing that weight is the amount of gravitational pull on an object and is distinct from, though proportional to, mass. 

SC.8.E.5.5 Describe and classify specific physical properties of stars: apparent magnitude (brightness), temperature (color), size, and luminosity (absolute brightness).

SC.8.E.5.10 Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.
SC.8.E.5.6 Create models of solar properties including: rotation, structure of the Sun, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences.

SC.8.N.3.1 Select models useful in relating the results of their own investigations.

SC.7.N.3.2 Identify the benefits and limitations of the use of scientific models.

SC.912.E.5.4 Explain the physical properties of the Sun and its dynamic nature and connect them to conditions and events on Earth. 

 

Learning Targets and Learning Criteria

Electromagnetic Spectrum
Students will:

• identify the electromagnetic waves from the Sun, such as: o infrared, visible light and ultraviolet
• sequence the order of frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum (radio to gamma)

• identify common uses and applications of electromagnetic waves, such as: o Satellite photographs, microscopes, laser devices, etc.
• discuss the importance of technology in studying various aspects of space

Scale of the Universe and Gravity
Students will:

• distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets, stars, moons, asteroids, nebulae, galaxies, dwarf planets and comets in the universe by comparing distance, relative size, and general composition

• describe the distances (in astronomical units and light years) between objects in space in the context of light and space travel 

• recognize that the universe contains billions of galaxies and stars 

• describe the role gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and the solar system (Law of Universal Gravitation)

• differentiate between weight and mass, such as: o weight is the amount of gravitational pull on an object and is distinct from, though proportional to, mass

• apply the Law of Universal Gravitation to objects in space in terms of orbital path, weight, speed, etc.

The Stars and Our Sun
Students will: • describe the physical properties of main sequence stars, including: o apparent magnitude (brightness), temperature (color), size, and absolute magnitude (brightness)

• understand how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collections, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.

• describe the properties and characteristics of the Sun, including: o rotation, structure, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences
• create models of various solar phenomena

  • NOS Focus- identify the benefits and limitations of the use of scientific models
  • Describe the physical properties of the Sun (sunspot cycles, solar flares, prominences, layers of the Sun, coronal mass ejections, and nuclear reactions) and the impact of the Sun as the main source of external energy for the Earth 
Classroom Activities

2-D models

Labs & PHET simulations

Interactive Science Notebook activities

Video Clips/Films

Review Project

Assignments Due

District Assessment will be on February 15& 16

Additional Resources

www.Brainpop.com

www.studyjams.com

https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulations/category/earth-science

Example video clips: