Quarter 1 Week 9 October 8-12, 2018


TeacherMelissa Forney
Subject AreaELA/Reading
Grade Level7th
Week #9
Unit of InstructionInformative Essay, Reading a Novel, Reading Aloud, Spelling & Vocabulary from the Novel
Standard(s) Taught

LAFS.7.RL.3.9 Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

LAFS.7.RL.1.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.

LAFS.7.RL.1.3 Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).

LAFS.7.RL.2.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.

Learning Targets and Learning Criteria

It is important for students to learn to inform through their writing. We will use a 60 Minutes Video and two other written articles to mine information from the text. Students need these skills to do well on their writing assessments later in the year.

Students will read aloud from a novel, answer questions, write trivia questions, and predict outcomes.

Students will read aloud to their parents.

Students will work on iReady lessons that are geared for individual needs.

Classroom Activities

earth-shattering – important, momentous, or traumatic
lethal – deadly
casualties – a person killed in a war or accident, a person badly affected by an terrible event
gearing up – preparing oneself
scenario – a setting or situation of events that creates a scene
hostiles – individuals who are unfriendly or antagonistic
scope out – to look at something to get information
skill set – a set of abilities that can be used for a specific purpose
regal authority – the feeling that a king or queen is totally in charge of making decisions
prototype – a first model of something, often an experimental machine or technology
high jinx – playful or rowdy activity, often involving mischievous pranks
in tandem – alongside each other, together
hammerhead – a shark that has flattened, blade-like extensions on either side of the head, with the eyes and nostrils placed at or near the ends.
antagonize – cause someone to become hostile

Assignments Due

Monday – Writing an informative essay. Watch video on The Lost Boys of the Sudan. Skill: Writing a beginning. Read Submerged. Read aloud homework passage on elephants, discuss hard words, define unknown words.
Homework – Read aloud article on elephants to your parent. Read slowly with expression. Parents should sign. Study spelling and vocabulary words. Write spelling words 10x each.* Read book report book 20 minutes before bedtime.

Parent signature______________________________

Tuesday – Writing an informative essay. Skill: Keeping the reader close. Read Submerged.
Homework – Read article on cleaning the ocean aloud to your parent. Read slowly with expression.
Parent should sign. Study spelling and vocabulary words. Read 20 minutes before bedtime.

Parent signature______________________________

Wednesday – Independent reading. iReady Lessons. NO HOMEWORK!

Thursday – Writing an informative essay. Skill: Renaming the main noun. Read Submerged.
Homework – Read the article about Dr. Melissa Forney aloud to your parents. Read slowly with expression. Parents should sign. Study spelling and vocabulary for tests tomorrow. Read 20 minutes before bedtime.

Parent signature______________________________

Friday – Spelling test. Vocabulary test. Read Submerged. iReady lessons. Special snacks.

Additional Resources

Fun facts for World Elephant Day
By Sarah Zielinski Smithsonian.com August 09, 2018

Elephants are truly incredible animals. Sunday, August 12 is World Elephant Day, a day to spread awareness
to help save elephants. What do you know about elephants? Here are some facts that you may not know.

African elephant populations are sometimes thought to differ only by the location of the animals. But
evolutionarily speaking, that’s not true. Forest and savannah elephants are as separate genetically as Asian
elephants and woolly mammoths.

The elephant’s closest living relative is the rock hyrax. It is a small furry mammal. It lives in rocky landscapes across sub-Saharan Africa and along the coast of the Arabian peninsula.

African elephants are the largest land mammals on the planet. The females of this species undergo the longest pregnancy—22 months.

We know that elephants are large, but did you know that they can be turned off by the smallest of critters?
One study found that they avoid eating a type of acacia tree that is home to ants. Underfoot, ants can be crushed. But an elephant wants to avoid getting the ants inside its trunk, which is full of sensitive nerve endings.

Don’t feed an elephant peanuts. Elephants don’t like peanuts. They don’t eat them in the wild, and zoos don’t feed them to their captive elephants.

Female elephants live in groups of about 15 animals that are all related. They are led by a matriarch, usually the oldest in the group. She’ll decide where and when they move and rest. She’ll decided this day to day and season
to season.

Male elephants leave the matriarch groups between age 12 and 15. But they aren’t loners—they live in all-male groups. In dry times, these males will form a linear hierarchy. It helps them avoid injuries that could result from competing for water.

Asian elephants don’t run. Running requires lifting all four feet at once, but elephants filmed in Thailand always kept at least two on the ground at all times.

An African elephant can detect seismic signals with sensory cells in its feet. They can also “hear” these
deep-pitched sounds when ground vibrations travel from the animal’s front feet, up its leg and shoulder bones and into its middle ear. The elephant can determine the sound’s direction by comparing the timing of signals received by each of its front feet.

Elephants have passed the mirror test—they recognize themselves in a mirror. Other animals that can recognize themselves in a mirror include Like great apes, magpies and dolphins. Human toddlers have also passed that test.

Elephants can get sunburned, so they take care to protect themselves. “Elephants will throw sand on their backs and on their head. They do that to keep them from getting sunburned and to keep bugs off,” said Tony Barthel.
He is curator of the Elephant House and the Cheetah Conservation Station at Smithsonian’s National Zoo. How do elephants protect their young? The adult elephants will douse them in sand and stand over the little ones as they sleep.

Elephants have evolved a sixth toe, which starts off as cartilage. It is attached to the animal’s big toe but is
converted to bone as the elephant ages.

Some farmers in Kenya protect their fields from elephants by lining the borders with beehives. Not only are their crops saved, but the farmers also get additional income from the honey.

Giant boom hopes to corral Pacific Ocean’s plastic trash
By Olga R. Rodriguez Associated Press September 19, 2018

Engineers are deploying a trash collection device. It is designed to corral plastic litter floating between California and Hawaii. This is an attempt to clean up the world’s largest garbage patch. It is in the heart of the Pacific Ocean.

The device is a 2,000-foot long floating boom. It is being towed from San Francisco to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. The “patch” is an island of trash. It is twice the size of Texas.

The system was created by The Ocean Cleanup. It is an organization founded by Boyan Slat. He is a 24-year-old innovator. He is from the Netherlands. He first became passionate about cleaning the oceans when he went scuba diving. He was 16. In the Mediterranean Sea, he saw more plastic bags than fish.

“The plastic is really persistent. It doesn’t go away by itself. The time to act is now,” Slat said. He added that
researchers with his organization found plastic going back to the 1960s and 1970s bobbing in the patch.

The boom is a buoyant, U-shaped barrier. It is made of plastic. It has a tapered 10-foot deep screen. It is intended to act like a coastline. It is designed to trap some of the 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic. Scientists estimate the pieces are swirling in that gyre. But they believe it is allowing marine life to safely swim beneath it.

The cleanup system has solar power lights and cameras. It has sensors and satellite antennas. It will communicate its position at all times. This will allow a support vessel to fish out the collected plastic every few months. Then it can transport it to dry land. There it will be recycled, said Slat.

Shipping containers will be filled. They will have fishing nets and plastic bottles. They will have laundry baskets and other plastic refuse. All will be scooped up by the system. It was deployed Saturday. It is expected to be back on land within a year, he said.

Slat said he and his team will pay close attention to whether the system works well. They want to know whether it withstands harsh ocean conditions. These include huge waves. He said he’s most looking forward to a ship loaded with plastic coming back to port.

“We still have to prove the technology. It will then allow us to scale up a fleet of systems,” he said.

The Ocean Cleanup has raised $35 million in donations. These helped to fund the project. These included funds from Marc Benioff. He is chief executive of Salesforce.com. Funds also came from PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel. Ocean Cleanup will deploy 60 free-floating barriers in the Pacific Ocean. They will be sent out by 2020.

“One of our goals is to remove 50 percent of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in five years,” Slat said.

The free-floating barriers are made to withstand harsh weather conditions. They are also made to stand up to and constant wear and tear. They will stay in the water for two decades. In that time they will collect 90 percent of the trash in the patch, he added.

George Leonard is chief scientist of the Ocean Conservancy. It is a nonprofit environmental advocacy group. He says he’s skeptical Slat can achieve that goal. His concern: even if plastic trash can be taken out of the ocean, a lot more is pouring in each year.

“We at the Ocean Conservancy are highly skeptical. But we hope it works,” he said. “The ocean needs all the help it can get.”

About Melissa Forney
I am a teacher. I have been a teacher since I was nine years old. I played school with all my friends in the neighborhood. I always insisted on being the teacher, of course. My classes were creative and fun, but sister, I meant business. Get this: I actually sent out progress reports and scheduled parent-teacher conferences. I kid you not. I still don’t know why I wasn’t run out of town on the rails. We had rails. It could have happened.
After years of being in the classroom for real, in 1994, I started a career as an educational writing consultant. That’s just a fancy name for someone who stays in too many hotels, eats in too many restaurants, and is crazy about working with kids and teachers. Currently, I am back in the classroom full-time as a 7th grade ELA teacher and I LOVE IT! I teach at Ivy Hawn Charter School of the Arts. How cool is that? The kids who attend our school are crazy talented and have great imaginations. I am so lucky.
I was born in the Panama Canal Zone, a tiny little American enclave in the Republic of Panama. It no longer exists. We lived sort of a colonial, privileged lifestyle, so it’s probably better that it doesn’t exist anymore even though it was a kid’s paradise. There were about 10,000 Americans frolicking about and no end of adventure and exploration to keep us entertained. The jungle was our playground. Tropical waterfalls were our swimming pools. We picked tropical fruits from whatever tree was in reach. I wore shoe skates on the sidewalks, rode my bicycle behind the mosquito truck, and beat up boys who were mean to frogs. You’d still better not mess with me about frogs. I busted a boy’s nose once. Busted it. There is probably a more proper word than busted, but I still like using busted and enjoy exercising my freedom to use it.
    
Now, I live in central Florida with my husband, Rick; our dogs Ethel and Ruby, and our two cats, Razzle and Dazzle. Rick left his job in pacemakers and implantable defibrillators to become my full-time partner, and he travels absolutely everywhere with me. This is good, because he’s supportive and loving, and I need support and loving. Even after 20 years, he still melts my Velveeta. He’s a good, good man. A man of integrity.
Writing is in my blood. My grandmother was a writer. My father was a writer. My sister is a writer. I cannot imagine a life without writing. I love to teach other people how to become writers.
My specialties are writing books for teachers and kids, creating fun activities for the classroom, and helping teachers understand how kids learn best. Oh, I forgot: I’m also good at eating hummus, chicken tortilla soup, and little sandwiches with the crusts cut off.
I have traveled for 20 years from coast to coast, from north to south, training teachers in how to teach writing. I’ve been able to share ideas with teachers, and I’ve picked up fabulous ideas from teachers. Now I want to provide a staging area where I can share those ideas. I don’t know how it will go. It’s like swinging out over a swimming hole on a rope: I’m hanging on for dear life, my eyes are shut, and I hope I land in a wild rush. My mother has promised to read my blogs. Some of my teacher friends have vowed to check it out. I’d love for you to drop by. Read a few entries and leave your comments. We could hang out. That would be grand.
I am a teacher trainer, conference speaker, and matriarch to two generations of musical, creative hooligans. I write books and music for children, books for elementary teachers, and I create outrageous, educational videos. I am madly in love with my husband, who is my partner in all things fun. I love being a teacher to 7th grade kids, and I think I have the best job in the world.