ELA – August 21-25, 2017

TeacherHeather Baker
Subject AreaEnglish Language Arts
Grade Level7
Week #Q1 - Week 2
Unit of InstructionPersuasive Speech
Standard(s) Taught

Cite text evidence.
Analyze the impact of word choice on meaning and tone.
Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text.
Determine an author’s purpose.
Compare and contrast a text to an audio version.
Trace and evaluate an argument.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions.
Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning. 
Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner, pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples;  use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. 
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. 

Learning Targets and Learning Criteria

 – Students regularly encounter formal and informal arguments in media, in conversations, and in text materials.  This lesson explores the arguments developed in presidential speeches, classroom debates, and persuasive speeches.
 – Students will find affirmative constructive, negative constructive, negative rebuttal speech, and affirmative rebuttal speech.
 – Students will debate plan and consider the opposition.
 – Students will select a persuasive speech topic and prepare an outline. 
 – Students will be able to trace and evaluate an argument. 


Classroom Activities

Monday, August 21 – Remarks at the Dedication of the Aerospace Medical Health Center
Speech by John F. Kennedy
Video – Is Space Exploration Worth the Cost?
Tuesday, August 22 & Wednesday, August 23 – Organizing, researching, and delivering a persuasive speech.  
Thursday, August 24 & Friday, August 25 – Researching persuasive speech topic and writing persuasive speech.

Assignments Due

Monday, August 21 – Comprehension quiz on reading.
Friday, August 25 – Speech Outline Due
Friday, August 25 – Figurative Language Vocabulary Quiz

Additional Resources



is a word that imitates the sound it represents.

crunch zap tick-tock whoosh


is when a writer gives human qualities to animals or objects.

My car drank the gasoline in one gulp. The cat laughed. The newspaper headline glared at me.


is the repetition of the same consonant sound in words occurring near one another.

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Sally sells seashells by the seashore.


is using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning.

Pink symbolizes the fight against breast cancer. The Statue of Liberty symbolizes freedom.


reveals a truth which at first seems contradictory.

He was cowardly and brave at the same time. When you win all the time, you lose.


is an obvious exaggeration or overstatement.

I’m so hungry I could eat the entire buffet at Golden Corral right now!


is an expression comparing one thing to another using the words like or as.

He ran like a cat, lightly and quietly. Her blue mood passed as quickly as an afternoon rain shower.


is a comparison of two unlike things without using the words like or as.

He was a statue, waiting to hear the news. She was a mother hen, trying to take care of everyone around her.


is a casual reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event.

If it doesn’t stop raining, I’m going to build an ark. My sister has so many pets I’m going to call her Old McDonald.


is when a writer invokes the five senses.

The smell reminded him of rotting tomatoes. The fence was uneven, like baby teeth growing awkwardly in. (also a simile!)


is an expression with a meaning different from the literal meaning of the words.

I got cold feet before my big date = I was scared My boss gave me the green light = My boss said yes


is the juxtaposition of two opposite terms.

a peaceful war a generous tightwad dark sunshine


is a polite word or phrase used in place of one that may be too direct, unpleasant, or embarrassing.

pass away = die 

challenged = short



is an expression that has lost its power or originality from overuse.

talking a mile a minute, quiet as a mouse, and easy as pie


is a humorous play on words, often involving double meanings

There were many casual-tees. A man stole a case of soap from the corner store. He made a clean getaway.