Explain how energy provided by the sun influences global patterns of atmospheric movement and the temperature differences between air, water, and land.
Identify the role of models in the context of the sixth grade science benchmarks.
Differentiate among radiation, conduction, and convection, the three mechanisms by which heat is transferred through Earth’s system.
Define a problem from the sixth grade curriculum, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigation of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.
Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter.
-explain how energy provided by the sun influences global patterns, including:
-atmospheric movement (wind)
-temperature differences between air (atmosphere,) land (geosphere,) and water (hydrosphere)
-create a model to investigate how the sun’s energy causes changes in temperature of air, land, and water, such as:
-a diagram showing how different surfaces reflect or absorb heat (i.e. snow vs. ocean)
-a 3D representation of uneven heating because of the Earth’s tilt (i.e. using a globe)
-differentiate the three mechanisms by which thermal energy is transferred through the Earth’s systems:
-Radiation, Conduction, Convection
-investigate radiation, conduction, and convection in terms of their influence on Earth’s systems (geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere)
-thermal energy is transferred on Earth from a warmer substance to a cooler substance from direct contact through conduction
-thermal energy is transferred in the Earth’s atmosphere and hydrosphere through convection currents
-the transfer of energy in the form of radiation from the Sun to the Earth through the atmosphere