SC.6.N.3.2 Recognize and explain that a scientific law is a description of a specific relationship under given conditions in the natural world. Thus, scientific laws are different from societal laws.
SC.6.N.3.3 Give several examples of scientific laws.
SC.6.P.11.1 Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating between potential and kinetic energy. Identify situations where kinetic energy is transformed into potential energy and vice versa.
SC.6.N.3.4 Identify the role of models in the context of the sixth grade science benchmarks.
SC.6.N.3.1 Recognize and explain that a scientific theory is a well-supported and widely accepted explanation of nature and is not simply a claim posed by an individual. Thus, the use of the term theory in science is very different than how it is used in everyday life.
SC.6.N.1.1 Define a problem from the sixth grade curriculum, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigation of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.
Learning Targets and Learning Criteria
Students will: • describe a scientific law as a description of a specific relationship under given conditions in the natural world or a prediction of an outcome to some phenomenon. Give examples of scientific laws. • describe how societal laws are different from scientific laws • describe a scientific theory as an explanation as to why the outcome happens • recognize and explain what a theory is and how a theory is used in science versus how theory is used differently in everyday life NOS Focus: differentiate and cite examples of scientific laws, societal laws, and theories.
Students will: • describe and cite examples of the Law of Conservation of Energy • differentiate between kinetic and potential energy • identify and demonstrate energy transformation from kinetic to potential energy and vice versa • utilize a two or three-dimensional model to investigate kinetic and potential energy.
REVIEW from previous weeks-
Students will: • describe science as the study of the natural world • cite examples of science and pseudoscience (can it be tested?) • understand the need for a common system of measurement, metric system, among scientists • practice using measurement techniques • discuss the VARIOUS methods used by scientists to answer questions or solve problems (controlled experiments, observational studies, engineering by design, trial and error, simulations, modeling, etc.)
Students will: • engage in 1 OR MORE labs where students: make a prediction/inference use proper measuring techniques design a procedure using repeated trials control variables collect data draw a conclusion based on evidence conduct research before or after experimentation
Finish Gummy Bear Experiment
Independent, Dependent, and Control (constant) variables in an experiment
Be able to identify the control (constants), independent variable, dependent variable in an experriment. See attached powerpoint for practice.