Unit 5: The Universe (February 3rd-March 4th)

TeacherJulia Rosso
Subject AreaScience
Grade Level8
Week #Weeks 22-26 (February 3rd-March 4th)
Unit of InstructionThe Universe
Standard(s) Taught

SC.8.E.5.11 (Level 3) – Identify and compare characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum such as wavelength, frequency, use, and hazards and recognize its application to an understanding of planetary images and satellite photographs.
SC.8.E.5.10 (Level 3) – Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information
SC.8.E.5.3 (Level 3) – Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.
SC.8.E.5.1 (Level 2) – Recognize that there are enormous distances between objects in space and apply our knowledge of light and space travel to understand this distance.
SC.8.E.5.2 (Level1) – Recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and that each galaxy contains many billions of stars.
SC.8.E.5.4 (Level 3) – Explore the Law of Universal Gravitation by explaining the role that gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and solar systems and in determining their motions.
SC.8.P.8.2 (Level 2) – Differentiate between weight and mass recognizing that weight is the amount of gravitational pull on an object and is distinct from, though proportional to, mass.
SC.8.E.5.5 (Level 2) – Describe and classify specific physical properties of stars: apparent magnitude (brightness), temperature (color), size, and luminosity (absolute brightness).
SC.8.E.5.10 (Level 3) – Assess how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collection, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.
SC.8.E.5.6 (Level 1) – Create models of solar properties including: rotation, structure of the Sun, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences.
SC.8.N.3.1 (Level 3) – Select models useful in relating the results of their own investigations.
Advanced:
SC.912.E.5.4 – Explain the physical properties of the Sun and its dynamic nature and connect them to conditions and events on Earth.

Learning Targets and Learning Criteria

• I am learning to sequence the order of frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum. (Radio, Micro, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-ray, Gamma)
• I am learning to explain as frequency increases, wavelength decreases throughout the electromagnetic spectrum.
• I am learning to identify common uses and applications of electromagnetic waves, such as: o Satellite photographs, microscopes, laser devices, etc.
• I am learning to discuss the importance of technology in studying various aspects of space
• I am learning to distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets, stars, moons, asteroids, nebulae, galaxies, dwarf planets and comets in the universe by comparing their distances, relative sizes, and general compositions
• I am learning to describe the distances (in astronomical units and light years) between objects in space and in the context of light and space travel.
I am learning to recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and within each galaxy there are billions of stars.
• I am learning to describe the role gravity plays in the formation of planets, stars, and the solar system (Law of Universal Gravitation)
• I am learning to differentiate between weight and mass.
o Weight is a measure of gravity.
o Mass is the amount of matter in an object.
• I am learning to explain how the Law of Universal Gravitation works with objects in space in terms of orbital path, weight, speed, etc.
• I am learning to describe the physical properties of main sequence stars, including:
o apparent magnitude (brightness), temperature (color), size, and absolute magnitude (brightness)
• I am learning to understand how technology is essential to science for such purposes as access to outer space and other remote locations, sample collections, measurement, data collection and storage, computation, and communication of information.
• I am learning to describe the properties and characteristics of the Sun, including:
o rotation, structure, convection, sunspots, solar flares, and prominences
• I am learning to create models of various solar phenomena
Advanced
• Describe the physical properties of the Sun (sunspot cycles, solar flares, prominences, layers of the Sun, coronal mass ejections, and nuclear reactions) and the impact of the Sun as the main source of external energy for the Earth

Vocabulary
asteroid, absolute magnitude (brightness), apparent magnitude (brightness), astronomical bodies, astronomical units (AU), composition, convection, electromagnetic spectrum, electromagnetic waves / radiation, force, frequency, comet, satellite, galaxy, gravitational pull, gravity, infrared light, light years, luminosity (absolute brightness), mass, physical properties, relative distance, relative size, rotation, satellite photographs, solar flares, solar prominences, solar properties, space, star, sun, sunspots, temperature, ultraviolet light, universe, visible light, wavelength, weight, planet

Classroom Activities

Activities Include:
Hands on Foldables
PHET Labs
Gizmos Computer Based simulations/labs
BrainPOP
Crash Course Astronomy
Generation Genius
Reading Passages
PowerPoints & Notes
CPalms.org
Kahoot & Quizlet review games

Assignments Due

District Assessment March 3rd & 4th

Additional Resources